About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to create a FICO score.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following to build your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is a single number: your FICO score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
In order to improve your score, you've got to have the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call at 3172889434.