How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since our society is so automated, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and others.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, each agency uses the following to determine a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is hard to change it quickly. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report; this is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to improve your score, you've got to obtain the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (317) 288-9434.