How's your FICO Score?
Because we live in a computer-driven society, you're probably not surprised to hear that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and the like.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, each agency uses the following to determine a credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers likely find their credit scores above 620.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my FICO score?
In order to improve your credit score, you must get the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (317) 288-9434.