FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers will likely find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
How can you raise your credit score? Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is formulated from your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To raise your credit score, you've got to get the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at (317) 288-9434.