Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and others.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in building a credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and be sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (317) 288-9434.